History & Vision For the Future


KNOX was started by city councilwoman Betty Knox in 1966 when she established a trust fund to help improve the city. Following her death, during its first decade, KNOX developed two areas of focus – funding community development and operating “greening” programs. In 1976, the organization split, with The Betty Knox Foundation continuing the funding function and KNOX focusing on horticulture. From 1978 to 2000, KNOX was located in the caretaker’s cottage in Hartford’s Elizabeth Park. In 2000, KNOX moved its entire operation to Laurel Street when the city of Hartford undertook renovation of the cottage and its conversion to a park visitor center.

KNOX coordinates a variety of greening programs, including workforce training, Community Gardening Program, KNOX City Planters, Trees for Hartford Neighborhoods, Greater Hartford Green Team, and Hartford Cleans Up. KNOX is an ever-growing coalition of residents, volunteers, corporate partners, and community organizations that support Hartford’s people and environment.


The vision of KNOX is a capital city revitalized by horticulture and urban reforestation through the individual and collective efforts of its residents, businesses and government; a city where every neighborhood has an active community garden and where all residents feel the impact of these gardens on their own individual lives; a city where residents share a strong sense of pride, place, and connection to each other.


Please refer to the organization as KNOX in all forms of media.